Project Management

What is Project Management? Benefits and Phases of PM

Project management is the process of guiding a team to accomplish particular goals and objectives within a set time frame. It entails project planning, implementation, and monitoring to ensure that projects are finished on time, within budget, and to stakeholders’ satisfaction.

Scope management, risk management, budget and resource allocation, communication planning, and quality control are all important aspects of project management. Strong leadership abilities, the capacity to organise activities and resources, and the ability to anticipate and minimise potential challenges are all required for effective project management. Project managers must also be able to communicate successfully with all stakeholders, including team members, customers, and executives. Finally, project management aims to produce effective projects that suit the needs of the company and its stakeholders.

The goal of project management is to effectively finish a project within the specified timeline and budget by using techniques, skills, knowledge, and tools. In various areas, from academic research to corporate planning, project management is a transferrable talent that may be used.

Project management includes planning resource distribution and guiding a team towards predetermined goals. The purpose of project management is to use techniques, abilities, information, and instruments to effectively finish a project on time and within budget. Project management is a transferrable talent that may be used to a variety of areas, ranging from academic research to corporate strategy.

The Role of a Project Manager

A project manager is a person who is in charge of a particular project. Therefore, they have various responsibilities including:

  • Creating a team of people to work on the project
  • Breaking the project down into tasks
  • Assigning tasks to different members of the team based on their strengths
  • Organising meets to discuss the project, such as a meeting on how the project management process can be improved
  • Ensuring the completion of tasks within the deadline
  • Ensuring the completion of tasks within the budget and other resource limitations

Those who want to become project managers must acquire certain certifications and qualifications. However, you don’t need a degree in a particular subject. Project managers have degrees in subjects ranging from economics to engineering.

Moreover, project managers must also have certain soft skills to be successful in their job. The following are the most important soft skills:

  • Adaptability- For example, if the budget has been reduced, they should be able to adapt to their new financial situation.
  • Attention to detail- Every detail makes a difference. This skill is especially important for projects that have multiple stakeholders.
  • Communication skills- They must ensure that everyone in the team is clear on the bigger picture as well as their tasks. They must also communicate any changes, such as a change to the budget, to the team promptly.

Benefits of Project Management

Project management enables a business to accomplish a project in an organised manner, consequently increasing efficiency, optimising resource use, mitigating risk, and minimising costs.

Successful project management can also boost a business’s customer satisfaction. This is especially true for businesses that manage client work. They can finish the assignment on schedule and within the budget agreed upon, leading in client pleasure and loyalty. This enhances the company’s reputation, which results in increased clientele.

Additionally, project management fosters employee development by allowing them to gain critical skills such as project management software use and teamwork. Additionally, project management enables a business to incorporate risk assessment into its work. For instance, if a corporation is working on a satellite launch project, it can quantify the risk of failure and then plan its resource utilisation to minimise it.

Most importantly, planning is critical to the success of any endeavour. Effective planning enables the team to finish the project to the best of their abilities and expectations (or the expectations of their clients). It enables the business to plan for both the short and long term.

what is project-management

Project Management in Depth

All endeavours require resources. These resources might be intangible, such as time and human capital, or tangible, such as equipment and materials. When developing a project, resources must always be considered. For instance, if a business’s project objective is to create a certain quantity of products each month, it must have enough supply of high-quality resources. When resources are scarce, they must plan around the constraints.

Certain jobs must be accomplished before others in a project. Using a manufacturing corporation as an example, resource extraction must occur prior to resource processing. Apart from extracting raw materials, the corporation needs also to secure additional resources for workforce equipment.

Meeting deadlines is also critical to the success of a project. This needs the project manager and other team members to have excellent time management abilities. Additionally, ensuring that the project’s budget is not depleted before the anticipated outcomes are demonstrated is vital. One of the worst-case scenarios for a project is running out of raw materials.

The Phases of Project Management

Professional project management requires a disciplined approach. Although each project is different, various principles of project management must be used to maximise the chances of success.


The evaluation of the project idea always comes first. The project’s planning can only begin once the project idea has been determined to be realistic and feasible.


After evaluation comes the planning stage. Planning should always be done during the initial phase, and all involved parties must be satisfied with the proposal. This is important to avoid conflicts during the later phases of the project.

The roadmap must be finalised during the planning phase. All costs should be accounted for, and a clear list of objectives must be established.

The company must also plan the extraction of resources and answer questions such as:

  • What are the resources necessary for this project?
  • How can we obtain these resources? For example, which suppliers should we contact?
  • (For employees) Do we have a good enough workforce for this project, or should we contract some of the work to third parties (such as freelancers)?

To create a clear roadmap image, all relevant parties, including internal and external stakeholders, must come together and discuss the project. It’s necessary to define dates for each important goal.


In this phase, all team members are assigned tasks and informed about the project details. During this phase, all resources will be distributed among the various teams and team members, ensuring that everything goes as planned.


While the project is executed, the project’s progress and the workforce’s efficiency will be analyzed. This is when the adjustments related to all resources are made. Everything must proceed according to plan, always considering the decided deadlines. Meetings to review the status of the project and of the budget can be organized regularly.


The final phase, or the conclusion phase, will see the delivery of the products, but not before all project participants gather to review the findings. This is the stage in which the project’s outcome in its current state is thoroughly analyzed. This is a critical duty because it assists in identifying aspects of the project that can be improved. In this manner, future errors can be avoided, and efficiency can be increased.

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Raj Maurya

Raj Maurya is the founder of Digital Gyan. He is a technical content writer on Fiverr and When not working, he plays Valorant.

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