In many parts of the world, women study science and technology but do not work in these fields. What measures can be taken to encourage women to work in science and technology?
Model Solution (Version 1)
It has been observed that females take science and technology courses in a university; however, most of them choose not to work in those sectors. This essay will highlight potential steps to motivate women to work in technological sectors. This essay will discuss some solutions to overcome this issue.
The first solution is to provide flexible working hours for women. Usually, females have many household chores to do; therefore, they cannot work in such fields, which need too much attention and dedication as it can affect their work-life balance. Hence, giving them the choice of working hours will improve their work-life balance.
Secondly, although women join science and technology courses in a college, they cannot gain practical knowledge, which is a rudimentary requirement of the workplace. Governments should make practical programmes mandatory at the college level to encourage more women to work in those sectors. As a result, proper skills and practice knowledge will increase their chances of jobs in those sectors.
Further, spreading awareness in society can be helpful. Many people argue that science and technology jobs are not for women. Their mindset needs to be awakened through campaigns. This can make communities aware of women’s capabilities to work in those sectors.
In conclusion, even though the science and technology sectors are lacking women as employees, this problem can be alleviated by allowing them flexible working hours, providing workshop experience, and raising awareness.
Model Solution (Version 2)
Many countries worldwide have a sizable proportion of female students majoring in science and technology. However, because of the low pay and obligations to their families, only a tiny percentage of them opt to work in these professions. The best ways to address the issue above and encourage more women to work in these industries are suggested in this essay.
First and foremost, the government needs to implement new laws to guarantee equal pay for women in both the public and private sectors without discrimination based on gender. Nowadays, the vast majority of businesses pay women much less than they do males. Furthermore, it is well known that men benefit greatly from personal favours regarding internal promotions, even though women are better in management, organisation, and leadership. Female candidates may be drawn to the technological industries by equal compensation and refraining from favours.
The second best option for enticing women to work in the cutthroat technological sector is to offer flexible working hours. It is established that in most of our societies, women carry out more household chores and obligations than males. After giving delivery, many women in particular, must leave their careers. Therefore, reorganising offices to allow for flexible scheduling will undoubtedly boost the number of women who prefer to work in these fields with the fewest barriers. A recent study from the University of Belfast in the UK shows that 91% of women are interested in working, provided the business offers flexible shifts.
In conclusion, equal pay and flexible work schedules may encourage women to continue in technology career paths and contribute to a nation’s economic success.