What is Reflective Writing? Benefits and Examples

Reflective writing

Reflective writing is a type of writing that requires the writer to critically analyze and reflect on their own experience.

Reflective writing is often used in academic settings, as it allows the writer to reflect on their own thoughts and experiences in order to better understand the material. Reflective writing is different from other types of writing, as it requires the writer to be introspective and honest with themselves.

The majority of writing is creative writing, in which you describe an event or invent a tale. Reflective writing, however, offers the writer new perspectives and may inspire additional study.

It’s like going back in time to a previous event in your life and reflecting on how it affected you, what you may have done differently to alter the outcome, or what resulted from the occurrence.

But reflective writing isn’t only for individuals. In an academic environment, reflective writing is utilised to analyse your reaction to a novel event or writing assignment.

When used in conjunction with critical thinking or processing utilised in research, reflective writing may also be analytical. Start with introspection before writing anything reflective.

reflective writing steps
What is Reflective Writing? Benefits and Examples 1

Principles of Reflective Writing

There are four main principles of reflective writing:

  1. Reflective writing is based on experience.

In order to write reflectively, you must first have something to reflect on. This means that reflective writing is based on your own personal experiences. You can reflect on past experiences, or on current experiences. To write reflectively, you must be willing to critically examine your own thoughts and feelings.

  1. Reflective writing is honest.

When you are writing reflectively, you must be honest with yourself. This means being open and honest about your thoughts and feelings. It is important to be truthful when you are writing reflectively, as this will allow you to gain a deeper understanding of your experiences.

  1. Reflective writing is introspective.

When you are writing reflectively, you must be willing to look inward. This means examining your own thoughts and feelings, and considering how they have influenced your experiences. To write reflectively, you must be willing to be introspective and to explore your own thoughts and feelings.

  1. Reflective writing is based on reflection.

When you are writing reflectively, you must be willing to reflect on your own experiences. This means considering how your experiences have influenced your thoughts and feelings. To write reflectively, you must be willing to critically examine your own experiences and reflect on how they have shaped your thoughts and feelings.

Benefits of Reflective writing

There are many benefits to reflective writing. Reflective writing can help you to:

• Gain a deeper understanding of your own thoughts and feelings.

• Understand how your experiences have shaped your thoughts and feelings.

• Critically examine your own experiences.

• Reflect on how your thoughts and feelings have influenced your experiences.

• Understand the connection between your thoughts, feelings, and experiences.

• Gain insights into your own behaviour.

• Develop self-awareness.

• Improve your decision-making skills.

• Enhance your critical thinking skills.

Example of Reflective Writing

Students’ reading reflections serve as the foundation for the majority of their reflective writing. The pupils’ responses to written texts in literature and printed material are expressed through this form of writing.

A student could, for instance, be asked to write a reflective essay about a subject they have discussed with a tutor. These tasks may also call for students to write reflectively as they are expected to do in academic papers, speeches, and written stories.

Here, the text on the literary material typically challenges a student’s beliefs and previous views about a given issue. In such cases, readers make notes of the primary ideas and areas of dispute as they read, and these notes later serve as the basis for reflective writing.

reflective writing explanation
What is Reflective Writing? Benefits and Examples 2

Various techniques are used while writing reflectively. The sort of answer that is provided in the essay will determine this. Responses could be fast, communicative, or deliberate.

Types of Reflective Writing

It is possible to ponder “on action” or “in action.” Reflection in motion takes place during an encounter or occasion. The goal of action-reflection, on the other hand, is to take stock of a recent experience or incident.

In light of these two circumstances, information acquired by action or through contemplation of action becomes knowledge that may be put into practice.

There are three categories of reflection:

Technical Reflection:

Reflection of this kind incorporates scientific principles, logical reasoning, and practical or experiential knowledge (formulation of a conclusion based on general ideas regarded as accurate).

Practical Reflection:

Higher education and workplace institutions frequently engage in this kind of reflection. It entails defining and elaborating on the idea of interpersonal communication in social interaction.

Empowering Reflection:

This kind of introspection tries to help those who are oppressed find liberation from forces that are impinging on their mental health.

As a result, reflective writing is used to describe when such contemplation is done in writing. Reflective writing is defined as a type of writing in which a person analyses and assesses their own experiences.

Things to keep in mind – Reflective Writing

There are things that can influence how you convey a reflection in writing. Which are:

  • Reasons for writing
  • How many people will read it
  • Your feelings on your writing
  • Your feelings while you were writing
  • How well you can write in a thoughtful manner
reflective writing example
What is Reflective Writing? Benefits and Examples 3

Topics for Reflective Writing

Analytical subjects for reflective writing are listed below:

  • How effective was your assignment writing?
  • What kind of relationship do you have with someone?
  • What professional experiences have you had?
  • What specific behaviours would you like to change?
  • What method do you use to solve problems?
  • How did you perform in school the previous year?

To help you get started on your own creative and thoughtful writing, here are some writing prompts:

  • What type of animal would you be if you were one?
  • Describe your room, your feelings for it, and your belongings.
  • I feel at ease when…
  • I become irritated when…
  • I become angry when…
  • The most fascinating tale my relatives have ever told was…

Such writing, which is based on individual emotions and experiences, maybe professional or casual.

Reflective writing often helps to bridge the gap between theory and practice from the viewpoint of the writer. It entails outlining, delving into, challenging, interpreting, and assessing the learnt experience before applying it to the future.


Reflection has many different connotations. To focus on reflective writing, however, reflection might be described as a mental processing act when a person consciously investigates events to attain the desired result. Exploring experiences produces fresh insights and appreciation.

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