Identifying stress is the first move toward conquering it, thus identifying Albrecht’s four categories of stress will help you first understand the sort of stress you’re dealing with, and then figure out the best way to cope with it.
In his 1979 book, “Stress and the Manager,” Dr. Karl Albrecht, a stress-reduction specialist, defined the four kinds of stress. The Four Types of Stress are:
1) Time Stress
In today’s fast-paced, demanding workplace, time stress is quite frequent. When deadlines are set for projects and clients are assured that work will be produced within a particular time limit, it is up to the employees to stick to them.
When time is running short, it may be quite stressful for those in charge. Trying to finish a task on time sometimes means skipping crucial processes, sacrificing quality, or requiring additional resources. All of these circumstances may lead to stress, so it’s critical to keep track of your time to avoid them.
Albrecht provides a variety of helpful techniques for reducing the amount of time you are stressed.
Making a to-do list, which outlines everything that needs to be done as well as how long it is expected to take, is a basic tool. If all of the activities cannot be done before the deadline, prioritizing them might assist to guarantee that the most critical tasks are performed before the deadline.
Working on critical and complicated activities while you are at your most productive can also help you increase your productivity. Working on complicated work late at night, according to the author, is likely to have a detrimental influence on your entire project.
2) Anticipatory Stress
Although it may sound strange, a significant percentage of professional stress is linked to events that have yet to occur. This might be because to the unknown nature of future events, personal responsibility, such as a presentation, new processes, or new personnel joining the company. This sort of tension may be quite frustrating, especially when there is nothing that can be done about it right now.
Albrecht identifies three main strategies for dealing with stress. To begin with, because the source of the stress is in the future, you have time to develop contingency plans and strategies for resolving the problems. Second, it is critical to have an optimistic outlook on upcoming occurrences.
Often, our expectations of how an event will unfold are the most important determinants of how it will unfold. Third, putting effort and preparation into a future event is likely to help you feel better about it, reducing tension.
3) Situational Stress
When you are put in a situation where you feel helpless, without assistance, or when you lose faith in your own abilities, you will experience this sort of stress. This might be because your judgment was overridden or because top management refused to listen to your point of view.
Unlike the other stressors, this one is more likely to catch you off guard, so you’ll be less prepared. In this scenario, it’s critical to maintain complete control over your emotions rather than allowing them to dictate your actions. The ability to communicate is crucial in this situation, as it allows you to explain why you feel the way you do and find a solution.
4) Encounter Stress
Interactions with other people are linked to this sort of stress. It might be that you find the other person difficult to deal with, that you have a personal hatred for them, or that you are just scared because of their seniority. This is usually thought to be an internal phenomenon, although it may also happen while dealing with unreliable and hostile clientele.
The key to overcoming this sort of stress is to have good interpersonal skills. Strong emotional intelligence will help you comprehend and express your coworkers’ desires as well as your own.
Learning the four forms of stress and how to cope with them can go a long way toward helping you eliminate them from your professional life. They are not the source of all workplace stress, but they do account for a significant percentage of the stress we feel.
It’s vital to remember that stress is unavoidable and that the fact that you or your colleagues are stressed isn’t a problem in and of itself. What matters most is that stress is recognized and addressed as soon as feasible.