Difference between the UK, England, and Britain

When it comes to the difference between the United Kingdom, England, and Britain, a lot of people gets confused. Although if one observes this carefully, one can find actually a lot of difference. Ranging from Historical to Geographical and Modern perspective, there lies a great difference in between them.

Today at DigitalGyan, we will talk about some of the major differences, which will surely clear all your doubts. The below comparison is explained in listed format, with the difference in between the UK, England, and Great Britain.

From Historical point of View:

Historical Difference


In past, the name “Britain” was coined from an old Roman name called, “Britannia”, currently known as England and Wales. Under the rule of the Roman Empire, this territory was further divided through Hadrian’s Wall, into Scotland from Britain.

One might still ask about Brittany, but it is different from Britain. Brittany is located in France and was known as Lesser Britain. It was settled by Britons from across the Channel.

United Kingdom

UK or United Kingdom is a sovereign state, just like the USA or France. And is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

Regarding the history of the UK. It might be a bit complicated with its universal formation, as many pacts and bills were passed, but it was officially known in 1707 by the Act of Union between England. However, the name the United Kingdom was adopted after Ireland brought into the union in 1801.


England is a country, which is a part of United Kingdom. The name ‘England’ means ‘land of the Angles’. It was first termed on 12th July 927, by various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, to form a kingdom known as England, which represent the union between England, Denmark and Norway in 1016.

From Geographical Point of View:

Geographical Difference


Britain is an area that consists of England and the country of Wales. And Great Britain is the name of the island, which is home to the countries of England, Wales, and Scotland.

Britain consists of three regions, which include England, Scotland, and Wales. It is located east of Ireland and northwest of France in the Atlantic Ocean. This also includes several offshore islands, including the Hebrides in Scotland.


To the west, England is bounded by Wales and the Irish Sea, and to the north by Scotland. To the east, the English Channel, the Dover Strait, and the North Sea distinguish it from Europe. Channel islands such as the Isle of Wight, situated in the English Channel off the southern mainland, are considered part of England. Often considered a part of England is the Isles of Scilly, in the Atlantic Ocean off the southwestern tip of the mainland.

United Kingdom

Formerly, the United Kingdom encapsulated the whole island of Ireland, and the islands became known together as the British Isles. But part of Ireland achieved autonomy as the Irish Free State in the early 20th century, and later gained independence as the Republic of Ireland.

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