Difference between the UK, England, and Britain

The UK, England, and Britain

Many people get confused when it comes to the difference between the United Kingdom, England, and Britain. Although if one observes this, one can find a lot of differences. Ranging from Historical to Geographical and Modern perspectives, there lies a significant difference between them.

Today at DigitalGyan, we will talk about some significant differences, which will surely clear all your doubts. The below comparison is explained in listed format, with the difference between the UK, England, and Great Britain.

From Historical point of View:

historical difference
Difference between the UK, England, and Britain 1


The name “Britain” was coined from an old Roman name called “Britannia”, currently known as England and Wales. Under the rule of the Roman Empire, this territory was further divided through Hadrian’s Wall into Scotland from Britain.

One might still ask about Brittany, but it is different from Britain. Brittany is located in France and was known as Lesser Britain. Britons from across the Channel settled it.

United Kingdom

UK or United Kingdom is a sovereign state, just like the USA or France. And it is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

Regarding the history of the UK, It might be a bit complicated with its universal formation, as many pacts and bills were passed. Still, it was officially known in 1707 by the Act of Union between England. However, the United Kingdom’s name was adopted after Ireland was brought into the union in 1801.


England is a country that is a part of the United Kingdom. The name ‘England’ means ‘land of the Angles’. It was first termed on 12th July 927 by various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms to form a kingdom known as England, which represents the union between England, Denmark and Norway in 1016.

From Geographical Point of View:

geographical difference
Difference between the UK, England, and Britain 2


Britain is an area that consists of England and the country of Wales. And Great Britain is the name of the island, which is home to England, Wales, and Scotland.

Britain consists of three regions: England, Scotland, and Wales. It is located east of Ireland and northwest France in the Atlantic Ocean. This also includes several offshore islands, including the Hebrides in Scotland.


Wales and the Irish Sea bound England to the west, and the north by Scotland. The English Channel, the Dover Strait, and the North Sea distinguish it from Europe to the east. Channel islands such as the Isle of Wight, situated in the English Channel off the southern mainland, are considered part of England. Often considered a part of England is the Isles of Scilly, in the Atlantic Ocean off the southwestern tip of the mainland.

United Kingdom

Formerly, the United Kingdom encapsulated the whole island of Ireland, and the islands became known together as the British Isles. But part of Ireland achieved autonomy as the Irish Free State in the early 20th century and later gained independence as the Republic of Ireland.

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