What is Robotic Process Automation

“In the context of a process, robotic process automation (RPA) is a technology that allows you to construct bots and define rules for them, which then do the tasks that would normally be performed by an individual. In this century, robotic process automation (RPA) is widely recognised as one of the most important advances.”

This article is going to explain what Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is, how it works and why companies will benefit from implementing it.

What is RPA?  – Definition:

“Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a technology that enables you to create bots and set rules for them so they can perform the actions done by an employee when performing a process.”

The most important thing about the definition of RPA in order to understand its meaning is that it enables you to create bots, and set rules for them.  This means that an RPA system is capable of processing several tasks at the same time without waiting for any further instruction to be completed.   

RPA uses robotics in order to perform these tasks which are responsible for the activities done by a human based on what we call Business Processes.  What differentiates Robotics Process Automation from other types of systems is that it does not require any coding in order to run and provide results quickly.  Also, robots do not need breaks or vacations and they never get tired so they might work 24/7 without stopping.   

How does RPA Work?

In order to explain how robotics process automation works, we will use a blog article published on the Forbes website :

“RPA is not a piece of software.   It’s not even one bit of software.  It’s an umbrella term for several different technologies that work together to provide digital labor, bots that can act like people by opening applications and manipulating data within them.”

This article clarifies how robotics process automation works in order to carry out business processes that are typically performed by humans. There are two main types of robotics process automation – Screen Scraping and Image Recognition. The first one allows the robot to monitor movements on your PC screen or mobile device to monitor activities such as clicks, keyboard movements or writing texts etc., while the second one is capable of identifying and understanding images.   

Why Companies will benefit from RPA?

RPA has many different advantages, but the most common among companies is that it can be done without writing any code or developing robotics applications because it relies on third party robotics. The second important thing for companies to consider when thinking about robotics process automation is that robots will carry out your business processes 24/7 and they never complain or ask questions, so there’s no need to hire additional employees in order to increase workforce capacity. Furthermore, robotics process automation systems reduce errors and save time by making robotic programs and automating software and applications designed for specific tasks such as spreadsheets and word processors.  Also, robotics can be used as a solution for different tasks and processes like:

– Monitoring and controlling robotics applications,

– Performing certain tasks Humans would not be able to do them,  or even if they did, it would take a long time.   

Are there any Disadvantages of Implementing Robotics Process Automation Systems?     One possible disadvantage is that robotics process automation systems are still pretty expensive for small businesses.  The second thing is that robotics process automation systems require constant maintenance because the programs running inside robots can become damaged or corrupted by malware which transfers to robotics via USB sticks etc., so software must be updated regularly in order to prevent this from happening. Also, robotics is not capable of making judgments or taking decisions on their own without the intervention of humans.   

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