A Computer Invasion of Privacy is the breach in knowledge or critical information of a person without informing them. It is a legal term and a criminal act against law. It is defined as a circumstance where an individual or organization knowingly intrudes upon a person. This intrusion occurs when a person can have an expectation of privacy, such as a bathroom or locker room. It is defined as a tort.
Deception is also a type of Invasion Privacy, in which, when an employer collects information for one reason but uses it for another reason, which could result in termination also. Invasion of Privacy consists of Violation of Confidentiality also. This happens when information is given to the third party.
Internet privacy is another Computer privacy which needs to be kept in mind. It involves the right of personal privacy which is related to storing, provision to third parties or displaying some critical information. This type of privacy is applied from small to a large scale of data sharing.
Internet privacy is somewhat a subset of data privacy. Sometimes companies are hired to track the information about which people visit the website. They send a user’s web history to the advertising company. They even try to use social media for collecting band and credit card information to various websites.
Penalty of Computer Invasion of Privacy
In General, Invasion of Privacy is a serious crime and various countries have several measures against this crime. For example :
In Georgia, a person convicted of this will receive a fine up to $50,000, and up to 15 years in prison. It is a felony conviction. The victim can be sue to recover any damages sustained and the cost of the lawsuit. Damage includes both loss of profit and any expense the victim had to pay because of privacy. But, the amount of restitution ordered is limited to the damage done to the victim.
In India, Section 65 of the IT Act prescribes punishment for tampering computer source documents and provided that any person who knowingly or intentionally conceals, destroys or alters or intentionally or knowingly causes another to conceal, destroy, or alter any computer source code of programmes, commands, network or computer system, shall be punishable with imprisonment for up to 3 (Three) years or with a fine which may extend to Rs. 3,00,000 (~ US $4000) or with both.
The Right to Privacy in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in Section 38 states that data containing personal information about another person, disclose such material information to any other person, except when required by law, without the consent of the person concerned or in breach of lawful contract with the intent to cause or knowing that he is likely to cause harm, wrongful loss or gain to any person or compromise the confidentiality of such material or data shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine which may extend to one million rupees or with both.
In Germany, According to Sec. 42 BDSG-new certain data protection infringements are considered criminal offences and can be sentenced with up to three years in prison or a fine, e.g. if personal data is transferred illegally to third parties or otherwise made accessible on a large scale and for commercial purposes or if personal data is obtained by fraud for the purpose of enrichment or to harm others.