Career development refers to the process by which a person gains knowledge and skills to achieve their career or occupational goals.
This process consists of learning, developing and using the knowledge and skills for various purposes, such as to change employment, advance in one’s career, and increase one’s earnings. Career development is how individuals identify and develop personal, organisational, educational, and professional abilities and interests to achieve their career goals better.
It is a lifelong process that requires learning, managing, working, transition and leisure. There are many misconceptions related to career development. Career development is more than just the ability to change jobs, and it is the ability to change careers.
In education, career development provides the student with a focus for selecting a career or subject for the future that could help in getting a good job and a better life and also in finding the passion hidden inside of the student. At an organisational level, career education is made possible by observing how a person manages their career within and between organisations and how they structure the progress of their people.
At the personal development level, career development is related to the result of physical, social, psychological, educational, and economic factors that are combined for the greater yield of output at work in the total lifespan of a person.
Career development depends upon the following factors :
Education and Training
Education and training are essential factors that impact career development. Education provides the necessary knowledge and skills to perform a job, while training provides practical experience and hands-on learning. To advance in a career, individuals need to continue their education and training to stay up-to-date with new trends, technologies, and skills required in their field.
Skills and Abilities
Skills and abilities are another critical factor that impacts career development. Employers look for individuals who possess the necessary skills and abilities to perform the job effectively. Some of the essential skills and abilities include communication, teamwork, problem-solving, leadership, and adaptability. Individuals need to identify their strengths and weaknesses to focus on developing the necessary skills and abilities required in their field.
Most employers seek better performance from their employees. Career development largely depends on how the candidate is performing in their jobs. The better the performance, the greater the chance of promotion.
A mentor is an experienced individual who provides guidance, advice, and support to help individuals grow in their careers. Mentors can share their knowledge, experience, and network to help individuals advance in their careers. Mentoring can help individuals gain new perspectives, develop new skills, and learn from the experiences of their mentors.
Career goals are a crucial factor that impacts career development. Setting career goals can help individuals identify their career aspirations and work towards achieving them. Career goals can be short-term or long-term, and they can be related to acquiring new skills, taking on new responsibilities, or advancing to a higher position. Setting and achieving career goals can help individuals stay motivated and focused on their career path.
In the corporate world, a person can seek more opportunities in their career if they learn more skills and knowledge. Let’s say you are a clerk in an organisation, and your job is data entry only. By learning more skills and a great experience, which are in great demand in your organisation, you can be promoted to a new position. Hence, your career can become good in another field.
Building and maintaining professional relationships can help individuals find new job opportunities, gain valuable insights, and learn about the industry. Networking can take place in various forms, such as attending conferences, joining professional organizations, or connecting with colleagues on social media platforms like LinkedIn.
Achieving a work-life balance can help individuals reduce stress, improve their health and wellbeing, and increase job satisfaction. Work-life balance can be achieved by setting boundaries, prioritizing tasks, delegating responsibilities, and taking breaks. Maintaining a healthy work-life balance is essential to avoid burnout and maintain motivation in your career.