What is Beckhard and Harris’ Change Equation?

Richard Beckhard and David Gleicher developed the Formula for Change, which was improved by Kathie Dannemiller and is sometimes referred to as Gleicher’s Formula. This method serves as a guide for determining one’s ability to adapt, whether personally or professionally.

If you have ever thought about what has to be in order for change to occur? Why is it so easy to change sometimes and so difficult on other occasions? Maybe this will clear things up for you.

In order for meaningful change to occur, the formula for change (D x V x F > R) argues that the combination of discontent with the present, view of the future, and the potential of immediate action should be stronger than the resistance being felt.

The change quotation is regarded as a watershed moment in the subject of Organizational Development. Organization Development has evolved over time to meet the demands of employers that want to drive their companies ahead not just in terms of commercial objectives, but also in terms of employee engagement since today’s employers see the link between employee involvement and organizational success.


This is the formula’s ‘Why,’ or motivating element. Change is something that few of us enjoy. We fear and detest change much more when it is forced upon us. In most situations, a high level of discontent is required to support major reform attempts. People resist change unless they have a compelling cause to do so. On the other side, discontent and/or suffering are more frequent motivators.


The Vision is the formula’s ‘What’ element — how you want to be in the future. It should reflect something you’d like to be a part of and help bring to fruition. The contrast between how things are here and how they may be with change can help to replace anxiety and unhappiness with exhilaration. People who are unsure of where they are headed will just be another resistant force that must be dealt with.


Resistance to change is what keeps things from changing. It’s also possible that we’re stuck in our comfort zone and don’t want to leave it.

First Steps

What specific actions may be made to achieve the vision? How do you go to the summit of Mount Everest? It’s as easy as taking the first step and then the next. The initial step is sometimes unclear, or we don’t know what it is. So, despite the high levels of dissatisfaction and vision, nothing will happen unless we figure out how to get started.

As a result, the “weight” of the (D x V) + FS must be higher than the “weight” of the resistance that holds us back for change to occur!

The Beckhard-Harris change model outlines the circumstances that must be met for change to take place. When organizations and individuals evolve, according to the model….

There is DISSATISFACTION(D) with the current state (of whatever the change is focused on), so there is a clear and common VISION(V) of the desired outcome, then there is an acceptable FIRST STEPS(F) Blueprint to achieving its Vision, and the product of DxVxF is greater than the existing RESISTANCE to change among those whose support is needed for proper implementation.

These conditions give rise to a change formula:

D x V x F > R

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