The self-driving car is the car in which no human interaction or driver is required. The car is programmed with Artificial Intelligence, such that it can automatically take decision while driving. These decisions are programmed with Safety measures and Precautions so that no accident occurs. But sometime in the worst scenario, these automated vehicles can cause a great accident, and no one is there to blame.
Today at Digital Gyan, we will be talking about some of dangers that are associated with Autonomous Vehicles (AV). It’s not that one should stop using AV, but it’s flaws should be minimized, as it is said, “Prevention is better than cure”.
Some Safety Drawbacks of Autonomous Vehicles (AV) are:
Cyber Security Threat
One of the biggest threat that endangers all. Even a small hack of automated cars, could create a disasterous accident. These AV are connected to internet. And we all know that any device which is connected to internet is vulnerable to hacking. They rely on good software system that could prevent the hackers from getting the control of these vehicle.
Your Car door is even vulnerable to these Hack Attacks. And not only this, there is also a danger for theft of your private data, such as your place and time of visit. A hacker might try to alter your routes and destination, and hence this can become a serious threat.
Malfunctions of Autonomous Vehicles
A computer sometime fails to response, or took a lot of time to perform a single operation. Similarily, these Self-Driving cars are made out of complex software and Computers. And they too can fail in some situations. The instantaneous action like, to stop the car when someone crosses the road, if someone comes in the middle of road then what to do. This impulsive moment can raise a hostile environment for the everyone present there.
Till now a total of 62 Accidents have been reported to be caused by autonomous vechiles. Out of which one death of Elaine Herzberg, a pedestrian fatality was found. The major issue related with them occurs due to fault in their system.
The Experts are trying to figure out a solution that could prevent such situation and also some risk taking decision like hitting a person on road or another car on the road. The main purpose of self driving car is to make driving much easier not dangerous.
Industry Level Safety Measures
Around 200 Major Car Companies have started their plan to build AI enabled Self Driving Cars. But without taking any Safety Measures from the industry level. If these are not taken, then it could lead a series of harm to the end user. And who will be responsible for such damage.
If a industry is unregulated to safety and good to manufacturing excellent product. Then it’s also responsible for damage and accident and customers will not engage to buy such products.
One such accident occurs in Tesla Model S, crashed into the back of fire truck while travelling at 65 miles per hour. No casuality were happened but the damage to Tesla was a crash with serious property damage.
Exposure to Radiations
Not only the AV are safe with driving, but they must also follow the Safety in terms of Exposure to Radiations. These self-driving vehicles consist of GPS, remote controls, WI-FI, music, power accessories, Bluetooth, etc. All these have certain exposure to Electromagnetic Radiations, which could cause migraine, headaches, high blood pressure, difficulty in breathing, eye issues, sleeplessness and exhaustion.
Self Driving Cars should be more safe than Manual Cars
The main purpose of Self Driving Car is to ensure more safety than Manual Cars. It it does not satisfy this property, then Self Driving Cars should not be used. As Driving is very unpredictable, so to avoid any unforeseen accident, the software and program must be made to cope such conditions.
Also, it should avoid any false alarm or security, as it could irritate the person. Engineers have now found a way to provide some Automation facility. These are categorized under Level 1 to Level 5. These are:
Level 1: The cars have driver assistance deployed for acceleration and lane changes.
Level 2: Autopilot system integration and emergency braking while the driver controls steering wheel.
Level 3: Requires Human interaction to control the vehicle and car could handle the safety measures and critical functions.
Level 4: No human interaction required but unknown areas and bad weather condition, the control must be done by user.
Level 5: Fully Automation. But requires excellent software and hardware equipped.
So, that’s all the risk that needs to be kept in mind while going for self driving vehicle. Do share this articles with your friends and keep visiting Digital Gyan for awesome post and information.