Windows and Office 365

How to Back Up and Restore the BCD File in Windows 10

Have you ever encountered a Windows 10 startup error? It can be an incredibly frustrating experience, leaving you unable to access your computer and potentially losing important data. Fortunately, there is a way to prevent such woes by taking a proactive approach and backing up the Boot Configuration Data (BCD) file.

In this guide, we will explain how to back up and restore the BCD file in Windows 10, ensuring that you can recover your system in case of any startup issues.

What is Boot Configuration Data (BCD) File?

The Boot Configuration Data (BCD) file has been part of Windows since the Vista days. It’s not a file that many people will come across regularly, but it’s vital to your operating system. If the BCD file is accidentally deleted or becomes corrupted, your entire Windows operating system could fail to load.

The BCD file is a critical component of the Windows 10 operating system that contains important configuration data, such as the boot options and settings. Any corruption or misconfiguration of the BCD file can render your system unbootable, making it essential to have a reliable backup available.

How to Back Up and Restore the BCD File

You can both back up and restore your BCD file in Windows 10 using the Command Prompt.

To launch the Command Prompt, press the Windows key and type cmd. When the results load, right-click on Command Prompt and select Run as Administrator.

If you want to create a backup of your current BCD file, type the following command then hit Enter:

bcdedit /export f:1.bcd

Note: You can choose the drive letter when you want the file to be saved.

And if you want to restore the backup you created, type the following text and press Enter:

bcdedit /import f:1.bcd

If you don’t want to use the Command Prompt, you could try using a third-party app. The most popular is EasyBCD. It’s free to download and use. The app provides a user interface that makes it easy to back up and restore your BCD file at will.

Tips for Successful Backup and Restoration

Ensuring Administrative Access: It is crucial to have administrative rights when performing both backup and restoration operations. Without administrative access, you may encounter errors or restrictions that can hinder the process.

Keeping Multiple Backups: For added security, it is advisable to keep multiple backups of the BCD file. Regularly creating backups and storing them in different locations can help you recover from various scenarios, such as accidental deletion or corruption of a previous backup.

Regularly Checking the Integrity of the BCD File: Alongside creating backups, periodically checking the integrity of the BCD file can help identify potential issues before they become critical. By using the command bcdedit /enum, you can compare the current configuration with a known good backup and address any discrepancies promptly.

Utilizing System Restore Points: In addition to backing up and restoring the BCD file manually, Windows 10 provides an alternative method using System Restore Points. This feature allows you to revert your system’s configuration to a previous state, including the BCD file. Using System Restore Points can be helpful if you encounter difficulties during manual backup or restoration.


In conclusion, backing up and restoring the BCD file in Windows 10 is a vital step to ensure the stability and recoverability of your system. By following the step-by-step guide we’ve provided, you can easily create backups of the BCD file and restore them when needed. Remember to check the integrity of the file periodically and explore alternative methods such as System Restore Points to enhance your system’s resilience. By keeping your BCD file protected, you can minimize the frustration of startup errors and maintain a smooth Windows 10 experience.

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Raj Maurya

Raj Maurya is the founder of Digital Gyan. He is a technical content writer on Fiverr and When not working, he plays Valorant.

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