With passing time CoV or Coronavirus threat is grabbing the attention of the whole world. Presently the virus has infected more than 250,000 and 10000 deaths globally. Before things start to deteriorate, it’s time to know a few important things about the virus.
What is it?
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses which causes illness ranging from the common cold to other severe diseases. The name Corona is given because of their crown-like shape was first identified in the year 1960. Some of the common human Coronaviruses include HKU1, OC43, NL63 and 229E, causing mild to moderate respiratory problems like the common cold. Novel Coronavirus is a new strain which has been identified recently, and it’s the cause of respiratory illness outbreak originating from Wuhan, China.
Symptoms of Coronavirus Infection
Symptoms of Novel Coronaviruses are similar to other upper respiratory infections. In general, it’s tough to know whether the patient is affected by common cold-causing viruses or Coronavirus. Some of its symptoms are:
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Feeling unwell
In severe cases, the infection may cause Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, pneumonia and kidney failure.
Coronaviruses are viruses which are common in different species of animals such as cattle, bats, cats and camels. Rarely animal Coronaviruses can infect humans and spread between individuals.
As person to person spread is taking place, its believed to be happening because of respiratory droplets produced from an infected person while sneezing or coughing. The spread of this virus is generally taking place when there are close contacts.
Healthcare provider will order tests on serum and respiratory specimens to detect Coronaviruses. Laboratory testing is likely to be used in cases of severe disease.
If you face similar symptoms, it’s important to tell the healthcare provider about your recent contact with animal or travel. Reporting your travel history or instance of contact with animal products or animal is important while diagnosing CoV cases.
Prevention & Treatment
The worst thing about this virus is that there is no vaccine yet to control infection. The best possible way is to prevent infection, so avoid getting exposed to this virus. However, health experts believe everyday hygiene can help you prevent the virus. Some common habits are:
- Always wash your hands with medically approved soap and water. Use alcohol-based sanitizer which contains a minimum of 60% alcohol if you don’t have access to water or soap.
- Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Stay home if you’re unwell or sick
- Try to avoid coming in close contact with people who are sick.
- Always try to cover your sneeze or cough with tissue, dump the tissue properly.
- Keep frequently touched surfaces and objects clean and disinfect on a regular basis.
- If you have travelled from or to a country which is already affected by Coronavirus, make sure to go to the quarantine centre for 14 days.
Medical experts suggest treating Coronavirus infection is similar the way you treat the common cold such as:
- Drink fluids regularly
- Get plenty of rest
- Get immediate medical attention and conduct tests as directed by the physician
As of now, there is no specific treatment available for Novel Coronavirus infection. The number of death tolls and infected is increasing rapidly all across the globe, be careful and follow all necessary safety steps.