Business and Marketing

What is Geodemographic Segmentation?

Geodemographic segmentation is the study of the population and its features, which are split geographically into regions.

It entails the use of clustering algorithms to group statistically comparable neighbourhoods and places.

The census is the primary source of data for this study. Due to the census data’s high frequency, additional sources such as country court judgements, property valuation, and household council tax bands data are also utilised.

Geodemographics may play a significant role in market segmentation in marketing. Following this segmentation, it is possible to ascertain the prevalence and preference of each category. Among them, the locations with the highest desire can then be selected and targeted for marketing and sales.

Principles in Geodemographic Segmentation

1. Proximity Breeds Similarity:

This principle assumes that people living in the same geographic area, like a zip code or neighbourhood, are more likely to share similar characteristics. They might have:

  • Similar demographics: Age, income level, family size, education level, etc.
  • Similar lifestyles: Interests, hobbies, purchasing habits, etc.

This is because people often choose to live in areas that suit their needs and preferences. Families might gravitate towards neighbourhoods with good schools, while young professionals might prefer areas with vibrant nightlife.

2. Categorisation through Analysis:

The second principle involves using demographic data to categorise neighbourhoods with similar resident profiles. This data can come from sources like census reports or consumer surveys.

By analysing this data, we can identify groups of neighbourhoods that share characteristics. For instance, we might find clusters of neighbourhoods with a high concentration of young families or retirees. This allows us to create segments that represent distinct customer groups based on their location and demographics.

Advantages of Using Geodemographic Segmentation


This implies that leading businesses may be confident in their marketing approach. It’s easy to figure out how to make the product fit into the shape of their demands after the target group has been identified.

This is a much better approach than producing or manufacturing and then trying to identify the buyers. Essential commodities might work in that fashion, but something dependent on the trends and preferences of individuals might require their choices to be addressed already.

Ease of Operation

This implies that after the target group has been identified, appropriate procedures may be followed to ensure that the product captures their attention. As an example. When advertising a product for children, the advertisements might be colourful, and complimentary toys may be included.

Optimum Utilisation of Resources

Geodemographic segmentation ensures that no time or resources are wasted. All the efforts will be devoted toward the chosen groups only. Once the target has been identified, marketing measures are conducted according to the objective. There is no use in wasting time on the trial-and-error technique because there is no way of knowing what will work and what will not.

Lack of Pressure

This refers to people who are employed by the firm. Workload reduction is aided by proper and timely job allocation. This implies that everyone is aware of their responsibilities and expectations. They can concentrate on their own job without being confused about how things should be done.

The disadvantage of using Geodemographic Segmentation

The sheer idea that everyone in a group has the same wants is a major flaw. This does not always have to be the case. No two people think the same way or have the same wants. As a result, geodemographic segmentation provides limited room for accommodating individual variances. In reality, they are completely disregarded. This does not mean that segregation will always have positive consequences for the firm.

Geodemographic segmentation will not be able to cater to a wide range of tastes. This is because what appeals to one person may appear to be dreadful to another. Even though a product meets everyone’s needs, it may not appeal to everyone’s tastes. This is where a matter of choice steps in. While the first disadvantage is based on compulsion, this disadvantage is based on the masses’ ability to choose.


In conclusion, geodemographic segmentation is a powerful marketing tool that allows businesses to target specific groups of consumers based on their location, demographics, and behaviour. By analysing data and dividing the market into distinct segments, companies can tailor their marketing strategies to better meet the needs and preferences of their target audience. This approach helps businesses improve customer engagement, increase brand loyalty, and drive sales growth. With the rapid advancement of technology and data analytics, geodemographic segmentation continues to evolve and provide valuable insights for businesses looking to optimize their marketing efforts.

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Raj Maurya

Raj Maurya is the founder of Digital Gyan. He is a technical content writer on Fiverr and When not working, he plays Valorant.

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