When it comes to programming and development, everyone needs a tool that can make a developer’s work easier.
And not related to only developers; even a student needs a straightforward tool that could save us lots of time and effort. Also, it makes our code less complicated and easier to understand.
What is a Framework?
First of all, think of a framework in real life as a tool, such as a screwdriver, and a screwdriver makes our job easier in practical life; similarly, a framework is an asset of library or software applications that have a defined purpose of solving the problem most efficiently. It also manages low-level details such as protocols, sockets, or thread management.
Without a framework, you have to code everything from scratch and trust me in this; It’s Going To Be Hectic; hence Software Companies also rely on these frameworks.
Now coming to Python, you got a vast variety of frameworks that a developer build; there are so many frameworks that are added Day By Day, and mostly these are open-source, i.e. you are free to use and Modify according to personal use, and Also you can Build your own and Contribute to Community. Isn’t that Great!
Even Tech-Giant like Google hires such Contributors. There is a long list if we talk about Python frameworks.
But as a Developer or a Learner, you must know these 5 Pythons Frameworks that everyone uses, and even in daily life, you see these working as Behind the Scene. Do read till the end and talk about your favourite one.
So here goes the list:
One of the best and quite popular Python frameworks of all time, Django, provides you with every built-in and easily configurable feature that might be handy when you Develop a Web Project with a database connection.
Django web development framework is used for building complex and robust web applications. This is mainly used for static web development. The framework supports the Python programming language. It is an MVC (model, view, controller) framework. So, the framework is used to develop dynamic applications.
We can use object-relational mapping to access databases in the Django Python Framework. The framework also supports many popular databases such as MySQL, SQLite, PostgreSQL, and others. It’s based on a simple principle called “DRY,” which means don’t repeat yourselves. It also provides you with other features like Authentication, ORM (Object Relational Mapping), Database Schema, URL Routing and Mapping.
One of the best things about Django is that it is based on MVC-MVT architecture. MVC stands for Model View Controller. In other words, you take care of Controller class functions and Architecture and View and the rest are taken care of by Django. If you have used ASP.NET, then you can relate to its functionality.
Django is easy to learn and use. It is not very complicated, and it is suitable for beginners who have never programmed in python before. The learning curve is steep, but only one page in one tutorial, and you can create your first application on your first day.
To know more, click here: https://www.djangoproject.com/start/.
Flask is another important micro-framework that is very popular. A micro-framework is lightweight, and its modular design makes it easily adaptable to the developer’s needs, so it becomes straightforward to configure.
It is used in building web applications, and It is famous for:
- WSGI Configuration
- RESTful Services
- HTTP Request Handling
- Development Server with Built-in Features
- Easy Debugging and Unit Testing
Flask is most appropriate for simple and little activities, and even it is used in Google App Engine because of its lightweight. To learn more about Flask, click here:
It is yet another open-source, highly scalable and full-stack framework. It has its own Web-based IDE (Integrated Development Environment), which includes a separate code editor, debugger and web deployment. The Best thing about Web2PY is that you don’t have to worry about any prerequisites for installation and configurations. It has its built-in error tracking mechanism, which logs it.
It has the highest security against any vulnerability attacks, like DOoS, SQL Injection, etc. The backward compatibility ensures the program is without any loss in previous versions. It is independent, i.e., it can run on any platform. You can also use it to assign an access role to the user.
CherryPy, sometimes called “Pystone”, is an open-source Python web server and application framework. A web server is an application that accepts incoming web requests from users and services them. It usually implements a HTTP protocol in order to do so. The web server responds to HTTP requests by returning content from the computer it’s running on.
It enables the use of multi-string web server functionality as well as modular and arrangement in frameworks. It runs Various HTTP servers and gains a lot of instruments for encoding, reserving and approval of various Programmed features.
CherryPy is no longer required for an Apache server to run multiple applications, and CherryPy can efficiently utilize these. It consists of Amazing Design and an Adaptable Framework. It runs on Python 2.7+, Python 3.5+, Jython, PyPy and Android. It has a tremendous adaptable Plugin System.
Last but not least, Bottle is another critical and popular framework. It is distributed as a single file module and has no dependencies other than the Python Standard Library.
Bottle is a web framework based on Python Standard Library and it’s used to build web applications. Bottle is built on standard Python. This is very attractive. And it is very easy to work with because of its simplicity. It is designed to help you quickly create high-quality, full-featured web applications, often in record time. It is made up of just one object, the app object, which represents your entire application, making it simple to use, extend, and debug.
Bottle is a fast, simple, lightweight WSGI micro web framework for Python. It is most suitable when developing new prototyping ideas, building frameworks or running a simple personal web application.
The bottle is contained within a single large source file named bottle.py, so it provides excellent reading when learning how WSGI web frameworks work. Everything you need to know about how your web application’s code connects with the Bottle framework is contained within that single source code.