Java or JAVA is a high-level object-oriented language developed and maintained by Sun Microsystems, to create and run applications.
Java is a cross-platform environment, which means, it can run on multiple devices with different architectures. You can use any JVM in any operating system or machine to execute Java applications.
Since then, there has been no turning back, and Java is the most popular programming language preferred by programmers the world over. It is used to design software as well as a host of other web applications.
Like most programming languages, it is constantly evolving, and the language has been tweaked a lot over the past fifteen years to smoother it out and improve its efficiency.
Even though Java has a different purpose, it can very quickly be compared to PHP, which was also released in the same year. While PHP is used to design innovative websites, it is an open-source language just like Java which means it is freely available to the public.
Also Read: Java vs .Net core – A Detailed Comparison
Benefits of Java Programming
In the software industry, Java is the programming language most developers use for developing different applications. Java programming language offers the flexibility and efficiency required to create complex software applications. Java is suitable for all operating systems and is compatible with different languages, which makes it easy to transfer and develop applications.
The Java programming language has many benefits, but what can be more important than the fact that it is simple to learn, and for budding Java programmers in the virtual world, it is a dream come true. Writing and compiling in Java can safely be called lucid, and it creates such groundbreaking software applications that it quickly found its way into a serious computer user’s life.
Another point worthy of mention is that Java can perform on any platform without any glitches. Be it Windows or Linux, and the Java language will give you the same result irrespective of the operating system. Not all languages can boast of such an innovative feature.
In today’s age, where Wiki Leaks has opened up a Pandora’s Box, the Java language has been put together, keeping security as the topmost priority. When the Java language is being utilised, one can work in a secure environment without viruses attacking the host system.
A general overview of Java sets it apart from the other languages. Not only is it dependable (it was created after omitting a host of initial errors), but it also supports multi-thread programming, thus assisting software developers in making applications on many levels. The Java language, on the whole, is highly progressive: the code is stored in units known as classes which are fed to a Java interpreter only when required.
The bottom line of this pioneering language is its versatility, simplicity and error-free running. Since it was brought out, Java has given the web world a host of software used in diverse fields. This language has made giant leaps, and many pundits have compared Java with Clarion.
However, Java seems to have come out on top because you can write whatever you want with this language. The entire gamut of Java codes is just mind-boggling to comprehend, and the scope for further maturation of this language is bright.
Disadvantages of using Java
To begin studying or working with any programming language, it is necessary to understand its strengths and drawbacks to get the most out of it and avoid situations that illustrate the language’s shortcomings.
Java has certain disadvantages you should be aware of before starting afresh. Let me analyse the disadvantages of Java.
Inefficient and low-performance level
Java is a memory-intensive language that runs much slower than native languages such as C or C++. Additionally, it is slower than other languages, such as C and C++, since each line of code must be translated to machine code.
This poor performance is caused by the JVM’s additional level of compilation and abstraction. Additionally, the garbage collector might contribute to Java’s poor performance by using extra CPU time.
Java does not have a backup mechanism
The lack of a backup mechanism in Java can pose serious problems for companies that rely on technology for their operations. If something goes wrong while running an important program, businesses risk losing critical data and wasting valuable time trying to recreate it. To mitigate this risk, companies often create manual backups or resort to purchasing third-party tools to duplicate data on external servers or drives.
Many programmers argue that Java’s lack of a built-in backup system is not necessarily a problem since there are many third-party solutions available that can perform backups automatically.
Java consumes a large amount of RAM
Java consumes a substantial amount of memory compared to other programming languages such as C and C++. The system’s memory efficiency and performance may be impacted during trash collection.
The reason Java uses so much RAM has to do with its architecture. Java programs are typically run on a virtual machine (VM) called the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). The JVM runs on top of the operating system and provides an abstraction layer between the application and the hardware. This allows developers to write code once and run it on any platform that supports JVM.
However, because the JVM needs to manage memory allocation for all running applications, it requires a significant amount of RAM to function properly.