Animal Trafficking – A Whole Different World

When humans act with cruelty, we characterise them as animals, yet the only animal that displays utmost cruelty is human. A few days ago the illegal transportation of dogs in Nagaland was all over the internet. People were shouting their outrage, their sympathies, their disappointment etc. and were requesting people to share this news as much as possible so that a binding action be taken. This incident broke to us that there exists another world, which is all different, cruel, made by humans yet so inhumane and that is of ‘Animal Trafficking’ or ‘Wildlife Trafficking’.

animal trafficking

What is Animal Trafficking?

Animal trafficking is the illegal transportation of animals for commercial purposes. Animals are illegally smuggled to different people, other vendors most of which are a part of the black market. Based on the estimation of environmental protection agencies, currently, more than 350 million specimens of animals are illegally trafficked on a yearly basis which is worth billions.

Following is the report of World Wildlife Fund –

AnimalNumber of animals leftStatus
African elephants4,15,000Vulnerable
Asian elephants50,000Endangered
White rhinos20,000Near threatened
Black rhinos5,000Critically endangered

The above table clearly shows the injustice that is being done to animals by humans. Animal trafficking has been on the increase even after the continuous reduction in the numbers of animal left. This is only because there exists a market that buys this and thus encourages this. Smuggling of drugs and weapons is not uncommon and has been prevailing for years. Same is for trafficking of animals, but this fails to catch the attention of people and thus is prevailing at its peak just like I said earlier- it’s a whole different world. People are not that aware of this harsh reality, and those who are, are themselves involved, so expecting action from them would be foolishness on our part.

Why Animal Trafficking?

One might wonder why animals are trafficked. This has many possible reasons as different animals are trafficked for different reasons like meat, skin, blood, bones though greed still tops the list. The most encouraging factor in this is money. Animal trafficking involves higher risk than other illegal products as animals can attack the carrier to set itself free. Thus the risk the vendors takes attracts good amount of money, and human as always is greedy for more. When one brother is ready to kill the other one for money then why will they spare an animal, that can’t even speak for its own?

Apart from this humans today are more worried about their social status and to prove they have a rich taste and belong to a higher section of the society they find pleasure in keeping exotic animals as their pets which is illegal, or enjoy exotic dishes which have different combinations of animal skins, wear original fur, keep the horns, hides, teeth as accessories in their homes, or even organize an animal show to collect money.

Pangolins are the most trafficked animals because of their scales and skin. They have healing abilities and thus are used for making various medicines, to such an extent that they are now on the verge of extinction. What sense does this make? Killing one living creature to cure and save another? The latter being all-time selfish. Apart from pangolins, other animals that are illegally transported or poached are tigers, monkeys, dogs, elephants, snakes, crocodiles etc.

Though the world is becoming a difficult place to live with all the wrong happening, be it a pandemic spread, increase in child abuse, growing cases of rapes or domestic violence, all the victims somehow have the option to raise their voice and bring what’s happening into the notice of people which sadly can’t be done in this case by the victim. God has bestowed the capability to speak and communicate to us, humans so that we can use our intelligence and judgment to raise our voices against the ones who can’t.

Last month the entire nation went outraged when a pineapple filled with crackers was fed to a pregnant elephant who painfully died a few days later. This incident also brought us to the fact that the Southern regions of our country have been into this kind of practices for years. They have killed all the elephants of their state and now illegally bring them from nearby states and countries to continue this trade of money and killings. Same is the case with Nagaland, who has eaten up all its dogs and now illegally bring in dogs from other states so that they can be eaten. Fortunately, in both of the cases, the videos and pictures went viral, and actions were taken. But what about those cases that never come in our knowledge?

Recently, Ayesha Christina, who runs an animal shelter in Delhi, was mercilessly beaten up and injured along with her team because she was trying to rescue dogs. So this is what people who raise their voice for animals deserve?  It has to be stopped, and like always the change has to come from within oneself.

What Can be Done?

We can stop all of this by not staying mum after witnessing such things, by becoming a wildlife activist or at least by supporting those who are. Social media today has all sort of powers, and if used correctly, can not only stop this but also create awareness. What it can’t do is to make new laws or amend the old ones.

It has to be done by our constitution for which we, the citizens, would have to raise our voices. There should be a rule as to what can be eaten, traded or domesticated. There should be strict checking on the means of transport associated with the business. The laws that are already there should be made stricter and most importantly, enforceable. People should know that they can be held accountable for their actions towards animals. Animals share with us the privilege of having a soul, and we should use our privilege of being able to express and communicate to save them.

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