What is Surgical Technology?

Surgical Technology

Surgical Technology is defined as the members of operating room teams, including surgeons, anesthesiologists and circulating nurses. They work under the delegated authorities and supervision of the surgeon unless prohibited by state law or hospital policies.

A surgical technologist is also known as a scrub tech or operating room technician. They possess high knowledge and skills in sterile and aseptic techniques. They require perfection highly while doing operation and thus they are trained very hard. The main aim for surgical technologists is to anticipate the next move the surgeon is going to make the procedure smooth and efficient. They know hundreds of surgical procedures and various instruments that the surgeon may need.

A surgical technologist possesses high knowledge in theory and application of sterile and aseptic techniques and combines the knowledge of surgical procedures, human anatomy and tools, to facilitate a physicians performance of diagnostic systems.

Surgical Technologists are mainly responsible for anticipating the surgeon’s needs bypassing all the instruments and supplies like sponges, performing counts of the sponge, sharps, solutions and medications to the surgeon. If allowed by state law or hospital policy, they can fulfil the assistant circulator role.


A surgical technologist works in clean, well-lighted and cool environments. However, it can become warm under surgical lights when wearing a sterile gown and gloves. Their team also stand for long periods and remain alert during operations. They are also prone to infectious diseases and unpleasant sights, materials and odours. They receive their training in programs offered by colleges, schools, universities, hospitals and even the military.

The course duration can vary from 12 months to 2 years for completion. They are also required to take high school education for program entrance, and some of them might require prerequisite courses which include anatomy, microbiology, physiology and medical terminology.

There is a large growth in Careers for surgical technologists; according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of surgical technologists is expected to grow in that country by 19 per cent by 2022, faster than the average for all occupations. Hence, if you are interested in this field, it can be a good opportunity.

Show More

Leave a Reply

Back to top button