The bloom of humanism, the rejection of scholasticism and Aristotelianism, and a renewed interest in the ancients marked the beginning of Renaissance philosophy, which laid the groundwork for modern philosophy and science. At least, that’s how the tale goes. However, there was no Renaissance.
It is a historical construct, a fiction created to tell a tale — a captivating tale about the history of philosophy, but a tale nevertheless. In truth, all periodization is nothing more than a matter of interpretation. Historiographical negativity is the term for this point of view. For a long time, historiography was merely the writing of history. Sweden, for example, had a royal historiographer, a position in the Royal Court that required professional training.
The philosopher Samuel Pufendorf held the job for a while in the late 17th century (1632-94). He published numerous Latin works, including one on Queen Christina’s abdication, concerning Gustav II Adolf’s war operations in Europe during the Thirty Years’ War.
Historiography has recently evolved into a study of how history is written. The writings of historians and their techniques, rather than history itself, are the subject of study in the second meaning. There is no history by a historiographer, rather he/she creates theories on how history is written.
How did the Renaissance change the world?
The Renaissance influenced the globe in almost every manner imaginable. It had a snowball effect, in which each new intellectual gain cleared the path for much more progress. The Renaissance extended through Europe from its foundations in 14th-century Florence, with the fluidity of its ideas shifting and adapting to accommodate local cultural thinking and situations while keeping faithful to its objectives.
It happened at the same time as a surge in exploration, trade, marriage, diplomatic missions… and even war. A conquering army, like the Ancient Greeks and Romans (whom the Renaissance drew so much inspiration from), might bring not just a governmental change but also a cultural revolution.
The 14th century in Italy was ripe for a cultural revolution. Between 1346 and 1353, the Black Death wiped off millions of people in Europe, with some estimates putting the death rate at one in every three individuals. Because of the most basic economic rules, those who lived had proportionally more wealth: either because fewer individuals inherited more, or simply because of supply and demand.
Renaissance art, on the other hand, did not stop at being beautiful. Perspective was established, light and shadow were explored, and the human body was researched – all in the search of a new realism and a desire to depict the beauty of the world as it truly was. If the Renaissance was about rediscovering the Classical civilisations’ intellectual ambitions, it was also about stretching the limits of what we already knew – and what we could achieve.
Scientists were undergoing their own revolution at the same time as painters were forging a bold new realism. Copernicus and Galileo had achieved a breakthrough in our knowledge of our planet’s position in the universe, showing that the Earth rotated around the Sun.
What is the Renaissance best known for?
Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual and social scientific pursuits, as well as the introduction of modern banking and accounting, it is perhaps best remembered for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term “Renaissance man.”
The Renaissance started in the Republic of Florence, one of Italy’s numerous republics. Various ideas have been advanced to explain its origins and qualities, concentrating on a number of variables such as the social and civic idiosyncrasies of Florence at the time: its political system, and the patronage of its dominating family and the Medici.
What started the Renaissance era?
The first major reason of the Renaissance was increasing interaction between different cultures and communities before to and during the Renaissance. This is significant since Europe was in the midst of the Middle Ages at the time.
The Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) were notable for various aspects, including feudalism and intense religious beliefs in the form of Christianity. These characteristics (together with others) contributed to the formation of a society that was extremely restrictive socially, religiously, and politically. This suggests that European society was not necessarily amenable to change at the time. However, the heart of the Renaissance was a transformation in Europe’s vision and thinking.
First, enormous trade networks throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa boosted interaction between diverse cultures, resulting in an interchange of not just products, but also people, beliefs, ideas, and values. The Silk Road was the largest and most well-known of these commercial networks.
Another reason like religious and philosophical views from the historical period diffused readily along the routes and had a significant effect on later events such as the Renaissance. For example, after originating in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century, the Islamic faith soon expanded throughout the Middle East, Africa, and even into portions of Europe as traders carried their faith with them on the Silk Road.