In 2011, a cat GIF casting a rainbow went widespread as a meme. When we fast-forward to February 2021, the original GIF was sold on the Etherium network for 300 Ether. At the time, that amounted to about $600,000.
You might be wondering how someone might claim ownership of a widely shared GIF. You can’t since the token was sold as a digital proof of authenticity known as a non-fungible token (NFT). The NFT market is expected to have a market capitalisation of at least $338 million by 2021, up from $31 million in 2018.
Sceptics, on the other hand, question if these assets are truly worth the price tag attached to them, given that all it takes to view them is an internet connection. Fungibility must be understood before understanding how NFTs work.
Fungible and Non-Fungible Assets
To put it another way, fungibility refers to the ability to swap out one asset for another of the same value. Fungible assets, like currency, are easy to understand. Take, for example, a wallet that contains five one-dollar bills: Instead of carrying along a bunch of loose change, opt for a single $5 bill. Despite the fact that your money has changed forms, its worth remains the same at $5.
The polar opposite of fungible assets is non-fungible assets. As such, no two are the same and so cannot be easily exchanged for each other. The “Mona Lisa” comes to mind. It’s a one-of-a-kind creation. For example, a “Mona Lisa” poster from the Louvre gift shop would not be an acceptable substitute because the poster does not have the same monetary worth.
When it comes to NFTs, the concept is that you have a digital signature, much like the signature on a wonderful work of art, so you can always go back and look at the original and say, I made that “This is the real deal, I assure you. This is the real deal, as far as I’m concerned.” The information is recorded on the blockchain, which is where an NFT gets it.
Cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are fungible, but NFTs aren’t. They’re one-of-a-kind. Their data is kept in a blockchain ledger as a series of numbers and letters.
Who owns a digital asset, who sold it, and when it was sold can all be included in this data. This data is likewise protected by encryption, ensuring the uniqueness and scarcity of the NFT. Making your work rare and hence more valuable is no longer a challenge for internet-based creative creators. Due to the non-fungibility of NFTs, there are only one of each of these tokens that can ever be created, resulting in scarcity. Because there is nothing else like it, it’s worthless as a trade-in.
As a result, scarcity and limitation become factors in the pricing of certain goods. In 2017, the digital collectable game Cryptokitties became one of the first to use this scarcity-creating technique. Digital cat items may be bought, traded, and even bred by users.
There was an NFT for every new cat, certifying its uniqueness and ownership. As a result, NFTs are now being used in a variety of other fields such as video games, digital art, and sports collectibles.
Basketball fans can get a digital highlight reel of their favourite plays by downloading NBA Top Shot, a free app from the App Store. All of the highlights are non-fluorescent transistors, and they’ve grown to be a significant industry. Since its launch in October 2020, NBA Top Shot has sold over $338 million units by mid-March. In addition to the mainstream art scene, non-fungible tokens are making their way into the underground economy. Christie’s has started bidding on its first piece of digital art, known as an NFT (New Forms of Time).
Million-dollar offers were being made. – NFTs have sparked a lot of interest because, unlike the blockchain that underpins bitcoin, they allow for much more complicated operations. In this way, you can create conditions like, say, the original developer gets x amount for each resale of this item. You can also use it to create an NFT that generates more NFTs on its own. As a result, it has a slew of unproven applications.
When it comes to the possibilities of this project, we’ve barely begun to scratch the surface. Experts are concerned about NFTs, despite the hoopla surrounding them. Some NFTs do not check to make sure a seller is the original author of the digital art they are selling. This is a challenge, especially in marketplaces that operate entirely online. – For example, in many of these marketplaces, anyone can declare, “I am the one who generated this token,” and it’s difficult to verify that, especially if you don’t know who they are or if they’re saying something they’re not actually.
Some people also doubt that simply having digital assets increases their value. Even while a buyer can restrict people from copying and sharing his or her digital artwork, he or she has no control over how others use the image. There have been numerous cryptocurrency scams in the past, so the fear is that these are being overhyped.
They’re making statements such as, “Now is the time to purchase NFTs. It’s wonderful.
NFT proponents are upbeat about the technology’s possibilities, but sceptics are concerned that a digital bubble is forming.