Back-end web development, often referred to as server-side development, deals with the unseen magic behind websites and applications.
Developers must focus on both front-end and back-end development when creating a new website. The front end refers to the code that is visible to website visitors. This code creates interfaces through which users can interact with the application. To ensure smooth and efficient functioning, it’s important to pay attention to the internal workings of the website, much like the engine in a car.
On the other hand, the backend code interacts with the server and delivers content or data to be displayed to the users. So the backend code deals with the application, the web server, and the database. The combination of application, server, and database makes backend coding complex and important.
Back-end web development is essential to building any website or web application. It involves creating the server side of a web application, which is responsible for processing user requests and generating responses.
Facilitates Information Exchange
As noted earlier, the backend consists of three key elements of a website, i.e., application, web server, and database. While accessing a website’s user interface, each user must provide his login ID and password. The backend validates the login id and password provided by the user.
Likewise, any information submitted by the user is stored in the databases through the backend code. Also, the backend retrieves information from the database and sends the information to the user interface for display to the user. Hence, the backend of a website acts as its structure and facilitates information exchange.
Back-end web development is an essential part of the web development process that focuses on the server side of a web application. It involves working with server-side programming languages, such as Ruby, Python, or PHP, to create and manage the logic and functionality of a web application.
Back-end development also includes tasks such as server configuration, database management, and API integration, which are crucial for creating a robust and scalable web application. By ensuring that the back end of a web application is well-designed and optimised, developers can create web applications that are secure, efficient, and user-friendly.
Runs in Various Environments
Nowadays, businesses deploy websites and web applications in several environments. For instance, some enterprises prefer running websites on web servers, while others deploy web applications in the cloud. At the same time, many businesses even combine hosting options to avail themselves of benefits like enhanced performance and scalability. The web server setup varies from one network to another.
Also, the programmers often distribute the server-side workload over multiple machines. The varying hosting environments make it essential for developers to customise the backend of websites.
Contains the Application Logic
Most programmers nowadays keep a website’s user interface and application logic separate to simplify its development and maintenance. In addition to including an application’s domain and infrastructure components, the application logic also performs the routine data processing required by each business.
The backend of a website contains its application logic. Hence, the developers must focus on backend web development to seamlessly switch from one frontend to another and make multiple user interfaces access the same application logic.
Adds Utility to Each Frontend Functionality.
While developing a website, programmers must write backend code to add utility to each frontend functionality. For instance, they have to write code using a server-side programming language to add functionality to a user login form.
When a user enters his login credentials, the backend code will collect the values and compare them with the database’s login data. Likewise, backend code also adds functionality to various forms, profiles, and accounts. Hence, no website can function without quality backend code.
Back-end development allows developers to integrate various tools and services into a web application, including payment gateways, email services, social media platforms, and more. This integration is essential for providing a seamless user experience and expanding the application’s functionality.
Impacts on the Website’s User Experience
A website’s usability and user experience impact its popularity in the long run. As noted earlier, all tasks required to make a website function are performed at the backend. So the quality of the backend code will impact the user experience delivered by a website.
Any issues in the backend code can result in frequent website crashes, running the website slowly, and similar performance issues. At the same time, minor defects in the backend code can make the website vulnerable to targeted malware and security attacks. The developers need to focus on the quality and structure of the backend code to make the website deliver a richer user experience without any interruptions.
It is also important for developers to implement backend web development by picking the right programming language and framework. They can choose from many server-side programming languages, so the programmers must pick the language that meets all project needs. Likewise, they must also pick the right web development framework and tools according to the specific server-side programming language.