In order to solve traffic problems, governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution?
Model Solution to the IELTS Essay on Taxing Private Cars
Congestion is severe in many cities throughout the world. One solution to this problem is to impose high taxes on car drivers and use the proceeds to improve public transportation. This essay will examine the advantages and disadvantages of such a measure.
One of the first advantages of such a measure is that the high taxes would discourage car owners from driving because driving would become prohibitively expensive. This would imply that they would begin relying on public transportation instead, alleviating traffic congestion and pollution. Another advantage would be that if public transportation were improved, it would be used much more frequently. Often, public transportation in cities is deplorable. For instance, we frequently see abandoned buses and trains that no one wants to use. Increased taxes would generate sufficient revenue to implement the necessary changes.
Nonetheless, there are drawbacks to this solution. Firstly, it would burden car drivers significantly. Taxes are already high for many people, and increasing them would mean less money at the end of the month for most people who need to drive daily. Moreover, this type of tax would likely be a fixed amount, which means those with less money would be more affected while the wealthy would likely be able to afford it. Consequently, it would not be a fair tax.
To summarise, while this solution is worth considering to improve the current situation, there are both benefits and drawbacks to implementing such a policy.