Critical thinking is defined as, “a form of thought in which the person analyzes the truth or falsehood of a statement by applying criteria of logical validity or usefulness.”
The use of logic and reason in evaluating truth and falsehood. Critical thinking goes beyond a simple understanding of the terms and definitions that are given and requires a deeper understanding of the concepts involved. It also requires careful analysis of the reasoning and supporting evidence in a statement. It is the ability to apply the principles of logic, reason, and science to facts and information to better understand the world around us and why we perceive what we do.
While it’s true that critical thinking is a foundation rather than a brick, how you build that foundation depends on the learning process itself: exposing students to new thinking and promoting interaction with that thinking in a gradual release of responsibility approach.
There are a few things that go into the development of a strong foundation in critical thinking. The first is that students need to be exposed to new thinking. This can be done in a number of ways, such as through lectures, readings, discussions, and online resources. Next, critical thinking needs to be promoted in a gradual release of responsibility approach. This means that students are gradually given more independence and authority to think for themselves. In this way, they can develop the skills and knowledge necessary to make thoughtful decisions.
Whether you’re exploring math theories in a high school classroom, astronomical phenomena in a university, or a picture book in the elementary classroom, the questions can be used with few changes to promote critical thinking.
By using the six types of questions in the article below, you’ll understand why the question is asked and how to work with it.
6 Critical Thinking Questions for Any Situation
1. What’s happening
Establish the basics and begin forming questions. You should be able to reflect critically on the context and significance of the event. You should also be able to predict the possible consequences of particular actions and choices.
2. Why is it important?
Ask yourself why this is or isn’t significant. What change it would make if you decide to pursue the phenomenon in a certain way.
3. What don’t I see?
Consider, alone or with others, if there’s any crucial information or perspective you might be missing or if the ‘thing’ in question is missing. It may help you explore the blind spots you may ignore or skip due to personal biases.
4. How do I know?
Identify how you know what you think you know, and how that meaning was constructed.
5. Who is saying it?
Identify the ‘position’ of the ‘thing’–a speaker and their position on an issue, for example–and then consider how that position could be influencing their thinking.
6. What else? What if?
Ask, ‘What else should we consider?’ and ‘If we consider it, how will it change X or Y?” Make different scenarios on your mind and imagine the outcome of various possible approaches to handle the situation.
There are different approaches to critical thinking, but the basics involve breaking down an issue into smaller parts, looking at the evidence, and coming to a conclusion.Critical thinking is a skills that takes practice to develop. It is important to be patient and open-minded when engaging in critical thinking, as it can be easy to fall into ways of thinking that are biased or inaccurate.